What is NRPF?

The ‘no recourse to public funds’ (NRPF) condition excludes people from accessing certain welfare benefits and state support.

Who does it affect?

The NRPF condition is imposed on almost all migrants granted limited leave to remain. The condition is discretionary – and can therefore be challenged – where someone’s leave is based on certain human rights grounds and:

  1. the applicant is destitute (without the means to afford adequate accommodation and essential living needs);
  2. there are ‘particularly compelling reasons relating to the welfare of a child of a parent in receipt of a very low income’

These are the people that we aim to support.

What’s the problem?








What’s the solution?




Find out more:

Working fulltime on minimum wage does not cover the cost of London rents and supporting a family.

Typically, we see single and often pregnant mothers who are working fulltime around childcare commitments and relying on overstretched friends for support and accommodation. Their status means they are not entitled to support including working tax credits or free school meals for their children.

Debts and arrears accrue over time, and they are vulnerable to exploitation in dependant relationships and exhausting employment. Broken relationships or redundancy can quickly lead to homelessness.

The legal remedy is an immigration application. This involves a high level of literacy and collating stacks of documents (finished applications typically weigh over a kilo). There is no legal aid available for this particular application, but only OISC registered advisors are legally allowed to assist. This essentially means that people have to make the applications alone, pay around £1000 for a private lawyer or seek pro bono support.

These applications have to be remade every 2.5 years for a period of 10 years, when the person finally becomes eligible to apply for settlement.



We can provide pro bono legal support.

We also want to support people in the short term through solidarity and empathy. We want to support people in the longer term by challenging oppressive policy and encouraging and equipping them to navigate future legal complications and find better employment.

We continue to seek solutions.


Free Movement blog

Coram Children's Legal Centre factsheet

NRPF Network factsheet